The solutions found
One of the most effective ways to get students to better understand natural phenomena studied physics classes is IBL (Inquiry Based Learning). A student learns through inquiry when, faced with a problem, they carefully investigate the data and the causal relationships, and manage to find the best solution. An important role is played here the cooperative learning. The method is based on student-centered learning. IBL was introduced in the teaching of exact sciences in countries that are now given as examples of good practice (Germany, Portugal, Poland).
As part of the Physics Different project, the teacher becomes a facilitator of knowledge and a student’s partner in learning. More specifically, in teaching any subject in the physical curriculum, the teacher starts by asking students a question/challenging problem (“cognitive conflict”). During the lessons, the teacher does not give students the answer to the question or the explanation of the phenomenon under discussion from the beginning, but only helps them to find it in their own. Students have a major role in discovering the explanation of the physical phenomenon discussed. Teachers also activate the prior, naive and pre-scientific knowledge of students. This way of teaching leads to a deeper understanding of the phenomena (- a depth learning takes place) that is also used in day-to-day thinking processes.